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10 Facts about diamonds that are not widely known

Fact 1 - Diamond is not an element

The chart below shows all the elements, Diamond does not appear on this or any other table of elements.

Fact 1 - Diamond is not an element.

Fact 2 - There are many types of diamonds

There are many types of diamonds all made out of different elements. There are four types of colourless diamonds:

  • Type 1A - Contain Nitrogen.
  • Type 1B - Contain Hydrogen and Nitrogen.
  • Type 2A - Contain no Nitrogen.
  • Type 2B - Contain Boron.
  • Black diamonds - Contain Graphite.
  • Purple diamonds - Contain Hydrogen.
  • Canary yellow diamonds - Contain Nitrogen.
  • Blue and Grey diamonds - Contain Hydrogen and Nitrogen.

Fact 3 - Inherent Qualities

Different Diamond types have different inherent qualities.

  • Diamond type 2A conduct heat very well.
  • Diamond type 2B conduct electricity very well.

Fact 4 - All diamonds have ONE thing in common

  • All diamonds share the same structure.
  • This is called the diamond crystal or Diamond Lattice structure as illustrated below.
  • No natural gemstone other than diamond has this structure.

Fact 4 - All diamonds have ONE thing in common.

Fact 5 - The most valuable diamonds

The most rare, sought after and valuable diamonds are colourless and flawless.

It costs exactly the same to mine a low grade diamond as a perfect diamond.

However, if all diamonds were priced the same per carat people would only buy the perfect diamonds so a grading system is needed to grade the defects in colour and internal flaws.

Gemologists grade the amount of flaws for the dealers. That means the Gemologist decides how yellow the diamond is and how big the internal impurities are.

Diamonds can then be priced according to the report.

Please see a sample report below.

Gemologists charge at least $200 per Diamond to produce these reports and depending on the size of the diamond often considerably more is charged.

Producing these reports for diamond dealers are by far the main source of income for Gemologists.

Fact 5 - The most rare, sought after and valuable diamonds are colourless and flawless.

The Diamond price charged to the buyer is determined loosely using a Trade price list (see example below).
Note please that the Colourless (D) and Internally flawless (IF) are by far the most expensive diamonds.
The prices are in hundreds of dollars per carat and vary by size and even shape.

Fact 5 - The most rare, sought after and valuable diamonds are colourless and flawless.

Fact 6 - Decreasing Prices

  • Prices of mined diamonds have been steadily decreasing for years.
  • Please see the chart produced by the industry expert in mined diamond prices.

Fact 6 - Prices of mined diamonds have been steadily decreasing for years.

Fact 7 - The quality of The cutting

The quality of the cutting determines most of the beauty of a Diamond.

Rough diamonds are rarely used in jewellery and they do not sparkle. Please see comparison photo below.

Most diamonds are cut and polished as economically as possible, 90% of all diamonds used in jewellery are cut and polished in huge workshops in India.

The most valuable diamonds are still carefully cut and polished in Europe.

Fact 7 - The quality of the cutting determines most of the beauty of a Diamond.

Fact 8 - No Guarantee

Diamonds are forever but no dealer will offer a guarantee to replace the diamond in case of accidental scratching or chipping.

Fact 9 - Unnecessary Mining

Mining for diamonds is a dangerous work, can be deadly and is unnecessary in the 21st century. Please see an example of a diamond mine below.

Fact 9 - Unnecessary Mining

Fact 10 - Blood diamonds

Few diamond dealers can absolutely guarantee that the diamonds they are offering are not conflict (blood) diamonds.

There is a warranting scheme in the diamond business called the Kimberly process which has proved ineffective. Please see the below extract from Wikipedia.

The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) is the process established in 2003 to prevent "conflict diamonds" from entering the mainstream rough diamond market by United Nations General Assembly Resolution 55/56 following recommendations in the Fowler Report. The process was set up "to ensure that diamond purchases were not financing violence by rebel movements and their allies seeking to undermine legitimate governments."[1]
The effectiveness of the process has been brought into question by organizations such as Global Witness, which pulled out of the scheme on 5 December 2011, claiming it has failed in its purpose and does not provide markets with assurance that the diamonds are not conflict diamonds.[2]

10 facts about Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds

  1. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds have a diamond structure and therefore are a type of diamond.

  2. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds are cut and polished in Europe exclusively to the highest standards. We offer all shapes and cuts.

  3. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds are always the highest quality of diamonds being both colourless and flawless we do not offer lower quality diamonds.

  4. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds are created and not mined however, we do not describe them as “Lab created”  because even though the rough material is created by science it is the cutting and polishing that brings the diamond to life and this is done by artisans and is a real art.

  5. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds come with a lifetime guarantee against accidental scratching or chipping. In the unlikely event that a Riverton Isomorphic Diamond is accidentally scratched or chipped it will be replaced.

  6. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds are the highest quality only and we proudly and clearly inform you that our diamonds are created and not mined so no Gemological report is required to prove this fact. This is a very worrying situation if you are a Gemologist and this is one reason for some Gemologists being critical of Isomorphic Diamonds.

    However, every honest Gemologist if asked will answer yes to the following four questions;

    • Do Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds have a diamond structure?
    • Are Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds colourless?
    • Are Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds flawless at 10x magnification?
    • Are Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds cut and polished well?

  7. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds have been created for jewellery and not industry therefore thermal conductivity values are totally irrelevant, and as we are proud to say that they are created, tricking thermal stone testers is never our aim.

  8. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds prices are not dropping and remain steady. The pricing is transparent  being at the time of writing $1000 per carat for all cuts and sizes.

  9. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds cannot be conflict diamonds they are 100% guaranteed conflict free.

  10. Riverton Isomorphic Diamonds are very beautiful.